Jana Gana Mana is the Indian National Anthem. It is considered one of the most beautiful and famous national anthems in the world. It was the national song of India before independence. Later, the Indian Government adopted it as the national anthem after independence. It is every Indian’s self responsibility to understand the meaning of Jana Gana Mana lyrics and can sing with heartful of emotion.
Jana Gana Mana is written and composed by Rabindranath Tagore, a Nobel laureate in Bengali language. It was officially adopted as the national anthem in 1950. The original Song Lyrics is 5 stanzas long but only the first stanza is considered as the national anthem.
Most Indians only know about this first stanza. They don’t know that other stanzas exist. The original poem is known as “Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata“. You should definitely check out this poem as its emphasis on the plurality and diversity of our country.
Facts About Jana Gana Mana
Lyrics : Rabindranath Tagore
Music : Rabindranath Tagore
Written on : December 11, 1911
First sung on : December 27, 1911
Declared as National Anthem on : January 24, 1950
Time to play : 52 seconds
Raga : Alhiya Bilawal
Underlying message : Pluralism/Unity in Diversity
Important Information about Jana Gana Mana
It will take on average 52 seconds to sing the entire national anthem. However, a shortened version of 20 seconds is also played on many occasions. It consists of important lines only. There are multiple different versions of Jana Gana Mana which is played in the country. Thus, many people might be looking for Jana Gana Mana lyrics in English.
There are various different versions that are played in the multiplexes and cinema houses. The most popular version of Jana Gana Mana is where multiple artists come together and perform it together.
There is also a feminist version of the national anthem which is performed by Indian women only.
There is also a special version of the national anthem where people of different religions and races come together. It shows the unity of India. The most heart-touching version of Jana Gana Mana is sung by specially-abled children.
We all love the Indian national anthem. However, most people don’t actually know the meaning of the anthem. Thus, they might be looking for Jana Gana Mana lyrics in English. There is a special meaning in every stanza. You can understand the meaning after reading Jana Gana Mana’s lyrics in English.
Related : Sare Jahan Se Acha Lyrics in English
JanaGanaMana lyrics in English:
Below are the original JanaGanaMana lyrics
Jana Gana Mana Adhinaayak Jaya Hey,
Bhaarat Bhaagya Vidhaataa
Panjaab Sindhu Gujarat Maraatha,
Draavid Utkal Banga
Vindhya Himaachal Yamuna Ganga,
Uchchhal Jaladhi Taranga
Tav Shubh Naamey Jaagey,
Tav Shubh Aashish Maange
Gaahey Tav Jayagaathaa
Jana Gana Mangal Daayak,
Jaya Hey Bhaarat Bhaagya Vidhaataa
Jaya Hey, Jaya Hey, Jaya Hey,
Jaya Jaya Jaya, Jaya Hey
Jana Mana Gana Meaning – English Translation:
Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people,
Dispenser of India’s destiny.
Thy name rouses the hearts of Punjab, Sindhu,
Gujarat and Maratha,
Of the Dravida and Orissa and Bengal;
It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas,
mingles in the music of Jamuna and Ganges and is
chanted by the waves of the Indian Sea.
They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise.
The saving of all people waits in thy hand,
Thou dispenser of India’s destiny.
Victory, victory, victory to thee.
History of Jana Gana Mana
The poem Bharat Bhagya Bidhata was first sung in the INC assembly on December 27, 1911. It was performed by Rabindranath Tagore niece with a group of his school friends. The prominent Congress members were moved by this poem.
Rabindranath Tagore published this poem in the Tatwabodhini Patrika. He was the editor of Tatwabodhini Patrika. The song was still famous in Bengal only. It was first performed outside of Bengal in 1919. The song was performed by a band at Besant Theosophical College.
After independence, the Indian Assembly assembled on August 14, 1947. The session was closed after an amazing performance of the national anthem. Jana Gana Mana was also performed in the United Nations in 1947. The official title of the National Anthem was given to the Jana Gana Mana in 1950.
Significance of Jana Gana Mana
Most people only know the Jana Gana Mana lyrics in English. However, they don’t know about the significance of the national anthem. The National anthem can be considered as a declaration of independent status. Unity and diversity are the pillars of India.
There are hundreds of different languages spoken in India. But, still, every Indian understands the Indian national anthem. Thus, it shows the spirit of unity. The national anthem tries to convey the values and traditions of our country. These values are considered the backbone of India.
India is known for its culture and values. Jana Gana Mana helps in unifying different religions, races, and creeds.
Code of Conduct:
The Government of India has set some regulations for ensuring the proper rendition of Jana Gana Mana. Many people know about the Jana Gana mana lyrics in English.
However, some people don’t know about the rules that they have to follow while signing the national anthem. According to the law, people who insult the National anthem are punishable by a monetary fine and three years of imprisonment. Always follow the following Code of Conduct whenever the Jana Gana Mana is played:
- You should stand up.
- Make sure that you always hold your head high.
- You should be looking in the forward direction.
- No parody of music or lyrics is allowed.